The BMW X6 is a luxury compact SUV that was introduced as a 2008 model year.
As with any vehicle, this model is vulnerable to alarm-related problems.
If your X6’s alarm system keeps going off, this article should be able to help.
Table of Contents
Why Does My BMW X6 Alarm Keep Going Off?
A BMW X6 alarm is usually triggered by a faulty hood switch or door switch as these sensors are prone to defects or damage through years of use. Other common causes include leaving devices or scanning tools plugged in, motion sensor false positives, and battery issues.
1. Faulty Hood Switch
In the X6, a malfunctioning hood switch is often the culprit behind false alarms.
This switch is typically embedded within the hood latch.
It’s a small electronic component that detects if the hood is open or closed.
Issues like malfunctions, loose connections, or dirt within the switch can send incorrect signals to the vehicle’s computer system, leading to unwarranted alarm triggers.
- Open the hood and locate the hood switch.
- Check for any clear signs of damage, rust or loose connections.
- Give the hood switch a thorough cleaning (with contact cleaner), as dirt and grime can cause issues.
- With the right tools, you can test the switch with a continuity tester.
If you’re mechanically skilled, consider purchasing a new hood switch online for DIY replacement. Otherwise, it’s best to consult a local mechanic.
This is what one owner had to say on the r/BMWTech subreddit:
“There is a switch under your hood you need to replace. Just google ‘BMW hood switch’ for your model car… Buy on Amazon and replace it in 5 min. Good luck.”
Another owner said this on BimmerForums.com:
“ [Alarm issues] happened to me a couple years ago. It was the hood switch right in front of the driver’s side cabin air filter housing. Replaced it with a new one from the dealer and the problem was solved…”
2. Faulty Door Switches
Faulty door switches are a common cause of random alarms. If damaged, faulty, or dirty, they can send false readings thereby triggering the alarm.
Door switches are a common point of failure as they are subject to wear and tear due to the doors being continually opened/closed/slammed etc.
The door latches and door switches can get dirty too which can cause issues, so the first thing you should do is give all door latches a good clean and spray some WD-40 on the latch and work it in to see if that helps.
Also check the wiring leading from the body into the door for any signs of damage, it should be in a flexible hose on the hinge side of the door.
If you suspect the alarm issues are linked to the door switch, ask your dealer to run a diagnostic test to try and pinpoint the fault.
3. Interior Motion Sensors: Bugs Inside the Cabin
The X6’s alarm can be set off by small insects or creatures trapped in the cabin triggering the internal motion sensors. This is a very common occurrence in cars with internal sensors.
To get rid of any insects inside the car, try the following:
- Leave the doors and windows open for a while
- Vacuum inside the car
- Use bug repellent or bug traps
“ … It can also be a fly inside [causing alarm problems.]” – BimmerPost.com
To prevent false alarms due to movement inside the vehicle, such as when leaving pets inside, you have the option to disable the interior motion sensor.
Typically, this is done by pressing the lock button on the key fob twice – first to lock the car and then again to switch off the motion sensor.
4. Issues with the Remote Communication System
Sometimes, poor reception leads to a communication error between the car and the BMW app. Failing to receive the correct vehicle status may force the car to activate its security alarm.
A quick fix often involves refreshing the app’s status. This can be done by pulling down from the top of the app screen, prompting it to fetch the latest information from the vehicle.
To prevent similar issues, ensure both your vehicle’s software and the BMW app are up-to-date.
If issues persist, consider a professional diagnostic check. BMW service centers can examine the system more thoroughly, identifying any underlying issues not immediately apparent to the user.
5. Loose or Bad 12V Battery Connections
Loose or worn 12V battery connections can cause several problems, such as unintentional triggering of your X6’s alarm system.
These connections might degrade over time due to dirt accumulation or corrosion.
The vibrations from regular driving can also lead to loosened battery terminals.
Before beginning any work related to the battery, make sure the engine is turned off.
If you choose to check the battery on your own, follow these essential steps:
- Examine the battery for any indications of wear, such as dirt, rust, or corrosion.
- Detach the battery, starting by loosening the clamp nuts with a wrench.
- Always disconnect the negative clamp, identified by a ‘-’ sign, first.
- Use a toothbrush soaked in a baking soda and water solution to clean the terminals. Rinse with distilled water and dry thoroughly.
- When reconnecting the battery, make sure the connections are secure and tight.
6. Drained 12V Battery
A weak car battery can lead to several issues, including unintended alarm activation.
It’s advisable to get your battery checked for its health, which is often a low-cost or free service at places like AutoZone.
Alternatively, you can conduct a self-assessment using a multimeter (refer to the guide at the end of the article below).
Typically, a functioning 12V battery should register between 12.6 and 12.8 volts, whereas a failing one will show below 12 volts.
7. Accessories Left Plugged In
Leaving accessories such as car chargers or cables plugged into the vehicle’s ports may lead to unnecessary battery drain and electrical malfunction, setting off the alarm system.
As much as possible, remove any third-party accessories from the X6’s ports when the vehicle is not in use. This reduces potential variables that could cause the alarm to activate.
8. Device Plugged Into the OBD Port
Another common cause of alarm-related problems is leaving a device (such as a scanning tool or diagnostic device) plugged into the OBD port.
Ensure that no device is plugged in unless necessary or risk triggering the alarm going off repeatedly.
This is what one owner mentioned on BimmerPost.com:
“ … I know if you leave something connected on my OBD port the alarm will go off twice and then finally stay quiet. Took me a few days to figure out it was the BlueDriver I had connected to check statuses of DPF.”
9. Key Fob Running on Low Battery
Unexpected alarm triggers are often caused by a depleted key fob battery.
Accumulated dust and grime inside the fob can also lead to malfunctions.
To address these issues, clean your fob’s interior and replace the battery. Opting for a premium battery brand is recommended for better performance.
- To open your key fob, stick your prying tool into the slit or gap between the two halves of the outer casing and gently apply upward pressure to pop open the device.
- Remove the battery.
- Give the key fob a good clean to remove any dirt or fluff – a cotton swab and some rubbing alcohol should do the trick.
- Check for damage, rust or loose connection (you may need a new key fob depending on what you find).
- Be sure to insert the new battery facing the right way up.
- Assemble the outer casing of your key fob by clamping them back together.
10. Faulty Key Fob
A common trigger for false alarms in this vehicle can be a malfunctioning key fob.
If you have 2 remotes, try taking the battery out of one and use the other for a while.
Should the alarm issues continue after you’ve cleaned the interior of the fob(s) and replaced the battery, it’s advisable to consult with your dealership for further assistance.
11. Accidentally Pressing the Alarm Button on the Key Fob
Placing your key in your pocket with other objects might inadvertently depress the panic button, setting off the X6’s alarm system.
A tight pocket might also lead to the same unintended result.
The fix is simple: make sure that your key fob is placed in a dedicated pocket, free from other objects such as keys or pens.
12. Incorrectly Installed Aftermarket Alarm
An incorrectly installed or faulty aftermarket alarm system is a common cause of nuisance alarms.
Aftermarket alarms are typically far more complex than any factory-installed equipment which makes them more prone to issues.
They may also have been installed by incompetent individuals.
If you are experiencing issues with an aftermarket alarm, the best thing to do is speak with a reputable auto electrician.
13. Faulty Body Control Module (BCM)
A faulty body control module can cause a wide range of issues including nuisance alarms.
- The BCM is in charge of electrical communication from different electronic systems.
- This includes the alarm system, lock-unlock functions, climate control etc.
- If you have a faulty BCM you may notice other electrical glitches too
- This can include intermittent operation of various electrical functions, such as the horn, lights, wipers and instrument cluster dials
The signals sent from the door and hood are sent to the BCM to be interpreted and it is a core part of the alarm system.
The BCM can be connected to a diagnostic scan tool which should uncover any errors or show a lack of communication with the main computer.
If in doubt, speak to your local dealer or a reputable mechanic to carry out the tests for you.
14. Damaged Wiring
Damaged electrical wiring can cause a wide range of problems, it can often be tricky to pinpoint too and you may need to have an auto electrician run some diagnostic tests.
In some instances, rodents may have chewed through an electrical wire.
15. Animals Climbing On The Vehicle
If your alarm has been set off in the middle of the night, it may have been by an animal climbing on the car.
States such as Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Texas, Wisconsin, and Carolina have large wild raccoon populations.
Have a look for footprints on the hood and the roof.
If you have a CCTV system, examine the footage. These animals usually appear during the night.
16. Not Closing Doors, Hood, or Trunk Properly
Something as simple as not properly closing the doors, hood, or trunk will inevitably trigger the alarm.
Make sure to check if you have closed every point of entry of your vehicle to avoid accidentally tripping your vehicle’s alarm.
Check for Recalls or TSBs
By entering your car’s VIN number on BMW’s recall page or the NTHSA’s Safety Issues & Recalls page you can determine whether or not there is a TSB or recall for your vehicle and if there is you’ll want to get it addressed.
A recall is issued by a vehicle manufacturer for issues that are safety-related, while a TSB covers components that may be malfunctioning but don’t compromise the safety of the vehicle.
Disconnect the Battery
Sometimes mysterious alarm problems can disappear with a simple reboot, there are no guarantees here but it’s worth a try.
Disconnect the battery for 20 seconds and this resets many of the electronics in the vehicle.
Check For Warning Messages
When the alarm occurs can you see any lights or warning messages on the instrument panel?
This can give a clue as to what’s causing the alarm e.g. ‘Hood Ajar’.
Take it to a BMW Dealership
If needed, take your BMW to the dealership.
Tell them you are NOT paying for a check on what the problem might be.
Ask them if they will check it for free.
Most dealerships and other places do quick/initial diagnosis for no money as they plan to make money for the repair of your vehicle.
If your unit is still under warranty then they should fix and resolve the issue for free.
How to Test the 12V Battery
How to Test the Battery:
- Before testing, remove the surface charge from the battery, this allows for an accurate reading.
- Simply turn on the headlights for 2 minutes then turn off.
- Set the multimeter dial to the ’20 Volts’ setting.
- Make sure the car is turned OFF.
The multimeter will have a red probe and a black probe.
- The red probe is for making contact with the positive terminal.
- The black probe is for making contact with the negative terminal.
Measure across the battery terminals.
- The meter should display a reading, if the battery is fully charged the voltage should be between 12.2 and 12.6 volts.
- Anything under 12V and the battery should be charged or replaced.